Tag Archive: ATP

Threat and Vulnerability management with Defender ATP

Until today you had to keep track on vulnerabilities in applications, create your custom dashboards and use 3rd party systems for the inventory.

Today microsoft released Threat and Vulnerability Management Dashboard as a part of Defender ATP.

TVM Dashboard

This dashboard provides a lot of insight in your environment with cloud scale, even the systems which are never in the office.

You can find the new dashboard by clicking on the little castle with the flag in the menu bar.


This part gives you a full overview of vulnerabilities like

  • Exposure Score
  • Configuration Score
  • Top vulnerable applications
  • Top exposed machines
  • Top remediation activities
  • Exposure distribution

You are also presented with the top security recommendations

Security Recommendations

In the security recommendations view you can view and sort based on components, remediation type etc

If we look at the details for one of the entries we can se a description, vulernability details, the affected machines and related CVE’s

security recommendation details

If we from this view clicks on Open Sofware page, we can see further details

If we from this view opens one of the items, we can see the risks, category and other ID’s

Working with remedation plans

We can create activities and set the due date for that activity

This an also be exported to a CSV file

When we have selected items for remediation we can look in the remediation view for follow up

Sofware Inventory

In this part we get an overview of all applications, weaknesses and if there are any known exploits.

The information from TVM is also linked to the machine page

Happy Hunting!

Hunting Windows Defender Exploit Guard with ATP

Alright, since I happen to be in a blog mode I keep the posts coming.

This post continue to explore the hunting capatibilities in Defender ATP by query for Exploit Guard detections.

So what’s this Exploit Guard?

Windows Defender Exploit Guard is a new set of intrusion prevention capabilities which are built-in with Windows 10, 1709 and newer versions.

Exploit Guard consists of 4 components which are designed to lock down the device against a wide variety of attack vectors and block behaviors commonly used in malware attacks, while enabling enterprises to balance their security risk and productivity requirements

Attack Surface Reduction (ASR)A set of controls that enterprises can enable to prevent malware from getting on the machine by blocking Office-, script-, and email-based threats
Network Protection Protects the endpoint against web-based threats by blocking any outbound process on the device to untrusted hosts/IP through Windows Defender SmartScreen
Controlled Folder AccessProtects sensitive data from ransomware by blocking untrusted processes from accessing your protected folders
Exploit ProtectionA set of exploit mitigations (replacing EMET) that can be easily configured to protect your system and applications

Example of ASR rules

• Block Office apps from creating executable content
• Block Office apps from launching child process
• Block Office apps from injecting into process
• Block Win32 imports from macro code in Office
• Block obfuscated macro code

Exploit Guard is configured through MDM (Intune) or SCCM or GPO’s or PowerShell.

If you have Microsoft 365 E5 license or Threat Protection license package, you don’t have to use Windows Event Forward to get the events in a central log solution. They will automatically be forwarded to your Microsoft 365 security portal https://security.microsoft.com where you have a nice looking dashboard where you can see alerts and configurations of ASR and other things.

This following dashboard is a part from the Monitor and Report section in the portal

Back to Defender ATP and the hunting which this post was supposed to be all about.

We have published some posts now about hunting custom alerts.

In the query console in Defender ATP we started to go backwards to find the ASR events. It’s simple. configure your client, run a few attacks which will trigger the alerts.

We looked in the MiscEvents for all events (filtered on computername and time). Which gaves us ideas of ActionTypes to use in the query.

Examples from the output:


Interesting note “SmartScreenUserOverride” is a separate event which you can query

When we had the raw Actiontypes we created the query to cover as much as we could.

//Happy Hunting
| where ActionType contains "asr" or
        ActionType contains "Exploit" or
        ActionType contains "SmartScreen" or
        ActionType contains "ControlledFolderAccess"
| extend JsonOut = parse_json(AdditionalFields)
| sort by EventTime desc 
| project EventTime, ComputerName, InitiatingProcessAccountName, ActionType,  
         FileName, FolderPath, RemoteUrl, ProcessCommandLine, InitiatingProcessCommandLine,

We are also parsing AdditionalFields to be able to add extra value to events which contained such data.

From this point we can do additional filters. For example, if you want to enable ASR enterprise wide, set them in auditmode and report on the alerts without affect user productivity, remediate and the do a enterprise wide block enrollment

Happy Hunting!

Onboarding older Windows Versions to WD ATP

Today Microsoft announced  that it’s now possible to onboard older legacy operatingsystems to ATP (Advanced Threat Protection) when the public preview that is available.

  • Windows 7 SP1 Enterprise
  • Windows 7 SP1 Pro
  • Windows 8.1 Pro
  • Windows 8.1 Enterprise

Even though we Always recommend using the latest versions there might be scenarios where you need the advanced detection and response capatibilities and  of ATP and it’s not possible to upgrade the machines.

The difference between Windows 10 and the older versions is that is not built-in and you have to install an Microsoft Monitoring agent which will connect to your workspace and report the sensor data.

Installing the agent

64-bit agent is available here:

32-bit agent is available here:

When you have downloaded the setup file you extract it using “/c” parameter

Install command

The workspace ID and Key is available in your ATP Portal https://securitycenter.windows.com


The clients will connect to the service using HTTPS and can be a direct connection or through a proxy or OMS gateway.

Agent Resource Ports
*.oms.opinsights.azure.com 443
*.blob.core.windows.net 443
*.azure-automation.net 443
*.ods.opinsights.azure.com 443
winatp-gw-cus.microsoft.com 443
winatp-gw-eus.microsoft.com 443
winatp-gw-neu.microsoft.com 443
winatp-gw-weu.microsoft.com 443
winatp-gw-uks.microsoft.com 443
winatp-gw-ukw.microsoft.com 443


When your clients are configured you should start seeing them in the ATP console

As you may have noticed there’s a link to Azure ATP alerts where you can dig further on advanced attacks in your environment.

On the following link you can find more information about onboarding older Windows Versions to Defender ATP

Happy Hunting





Controlling Auto Forward Rules of Emails to avoid data leakage

Email Forwarding is a challenge when it comes to modern attacks, and it was recently used as one of the tools in a crimecase in Sweden. Basically the attackers forwarded all emails from the victims to themselves to be able to track the victims very easily and to gain insights and data for social engineering attacks. Multifactor auth via e-mail or password reset links where obtained and could easly be used to manipulate and gain access.

Email forwarding can be created in Outlook or the the web application (OWA) by the users or an attacker with access to a user account.

The solution for this is very easy.
You can block email forwarding and redirects in general and allow it where it’s necessary (if you do have that scenario).

Block autoforward domain wide for Office 365 using PowerShell:

Set-RemoteDomain Default -AutoForwardEnabled $false

It is possible to configure this on a per domain basis.
For instance, if you need to allow forward to specific domain.

To view all forwarding rules today both on-prem and cloud you can use the following script.
The only difference is the connection part.

View the Rules

Function Get-AutoForwardRules
foreach ($a in (Get-Mailbox -ResultSize Unlimited |select PrimarySMTPAddress))
Get-InboxRule -Mailbox $a.PrimarySMTPAddress |
?{($_.ForwardTo -ne $null) -or ($_.ForwardAsAttachmentTo -ne $null) -or ($_.DeleteMessage -eq $true) -or ($_.RedirectTo -ne $null)} |
select Name,Identity,ForwardTo,ForwardAsAttachmentTo, RedirectTo, DeleteMessage



To get the PowerShell module for office 365 which supports MFA.

Download the PowerShell Module (available in the 365 admin portal)

Connect using: Connect-EXOPSSession -UserPrincipalName user@example.com

Security Features in Office 365

Depending on your Office 365 Subscription you might get a warning email when someone tries to define a forwarding rule


This is an example for Exchange Online

$Mailboxes = Get-Mailbox -ResultSize "Unlimited"
$Count = 1
ForEach ($Mailbox in $Mailboxes)
Write-Progress -Activity "Checking inboxrules..." -Status "User $($Mailbox.PrimarySmtpAddress) ($count/$($Mailboxes.count))" -PercentComplete ($Count / $Mailboxes.count*100)
$MailboxWithRule = Get-InboxRule -Mailbox $Mailbox.Alias | Where-Object {($_.RedirectTo -ne $null) -and ($_.ForwardTo -ne $null) -and ($_.ForwardAsAttachmentTo -ne $null)}
if ($MailboxWithRule -ne $Null) {
Write-Host "Mailbox $($Mailbox.PrimarySmtpAddress) has these rulez:" $MailboxWithRule |
fl Name, Identity, RedirectTo, ForwardTo, ForwardAsAttachmentTo